Nourishing food and clean water are essential to life. Yet the systems we rely upon to produce and distribute healthy food and water are both highly vulnerable to climate change and key contributors to climate change. One third of all human-made GHG emissions derive from food (or “agrifood”) systems, and some 70% of all fresh water consumed worldwide is used for agricultural production. COP28’s Food and Water Systems will be focused around global partnerships on the investments, technologies and policies which can collectively achieve net-zero, nature-positive, and resilient agrifood and water systems which also support producing communities and consumers. Specific focus areas include innovation investment, procurement, and national transformation pathways, underpinned by financing mechanisms and project preparation.